Cajamarca sums up in its architecture
the encounter between two cultures: Inca and Spain. Archaeological remains
in the area, however, tell of yet more ancient times, dating back to the
Caxamarca culture (up to 1450 AD), with aqueducts and enigmatic cave paintings
going back even further.
Just 8 km from the city, in the district of Los Baños del Inca,
the Ventanillas de Otuzco stand out amidst the countryside. The site is
a pre-Inca cemetery which pre-dates the Caxamarca culture, probably influenced
by the Wari empire. Hundreds of galleries and individual niches resembling
windows were hewn into the volcanic stone. The niches are 8-10 meters
deep, 50-60 cm high and are rectangular or quadrangular shaped. The niches
probably were originally sealed with gravestones carved with figures in
haut-relief, judging by fragments found nearby.
Legend has it that the Incas cleared out the niches and used them as grain
storerooms ("collca" in Quechua), redirecting their entrances
towards the wind to keep them cool.
The niches lead into a network of dark and mysterious galleries which
appear to have no end, giving rise to myths of secret tunnels that linked
Cajamarca to Cuzco
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PLEASE CHECK OUR SUGGESTED PROGRAM TO ENJOY PERU:
DAY 01- LIMA
Arrival to Lima Airport and transfer to the Leon de oro Hotel.
DAY 02- LIMA - AREQUIPA - CITY TOUR & SANTA CATALINA ( Private services ) Continental Breakfast.
After breakfast, transfer to airport to take flight to Arequipa. Arrival and transfer to the hotel. 01 night of accommodation with breakfast. In the Afternoon, half day city Tour of Arequipa.
A tour including visits to the main square, Cathedral, Compañía Church and the traditional districts of Cayma and Yanahuara. From there continue to Santa Catalina convent, the architectural monument of the city. The tour takes approximately 3 hours.
DAY 03 - COLCA CANYON 2 DAYS / 1 NIGHTS ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast.
In the morning, we will visit Chachani, Yura, small valley with thermal springs, see wild vicuñas in Pampa Cañahuas national reserve, Alpacas & llamas in Tocra, some birds like flamingoes, ibis, Andean gooze, ducks, Andean eagle "Kara Kara" view point of the Volcanoes and snow covered mountains in Patapampa ( 4,800 m . - 15,000 ft .). See the Ampato, Sabancaya, Walca Walca, etc. Chivay, capital of the valley. Overnight
DAY 04 - COLCA CANYON / AREQUIPA Buffet Breakfast After breakfast, we will start a full day trip to visit Yanque & Maca towns, churches, inca terraces, some pre inca graves. Time for lunch. Return to Arequipa.
DAY 05 - AREQUIPA – PUNO Buffet Breakfast. In the morning transfer to the airport to take flight to Juliaca. Arrival and transfer to the hotel in Puno, overnight.
DAY 06 – FULL DAY UROS & TAQUILE ISLANDS WITH LUNCH. ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast After breakfast, we will start a boat navigation to arrive to Uros Island, in the Titikaka Lake. Later, we will visit the Taquile island. Taquile Island is famous for its craft production, particularly for its beautiful textiles. The island is narrow at about 1 Km . wide and 6 to 7 Km . long. The visit could be exhausting because of the 533 steps on the stone stairway to climb to get to the village and because of the altitude ( 13,000 ft above sea level). On Taquile there are numerous pre-Inca and Inca ruins as well as Inca terracing. Later, return to Puno, overnight the Hotel.
DAY 07– PUNO / CUZCO BY BUS, WITH LUNCH & TOURS. Buffet Breakfast. Transfer to the train or bus station. Ten hour train or bus ride to Puno, across the scenic high Andes landscapes. Arrival and transfer to hotel.
DAY 08– CUZCO – CYTI TOUR + NEAR BY RUINS ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast Afternoon visit the Temple of the Sun (Koricancha) the most sacred buildings during the Inca culture, continuing to the nearby ruins includes visits to the Sacsayhuaman Fortress, overlooking the city of Cusco, pre-Inca architectural masterpiece; Kenko, a rock sanctuary whose main attraction is a monolithic altar representing a puma, the red Fortress of Puca-Pucara and Tambomachay: beautiful fountain fed by a spring forming a series of basins.
DAY 09 – FULL DAY MACHU PICCHU WITH BOX LUNCH Vista Dome train. ( Private Local Guide ) Buffet Breakfast Transfer from the hotel to San Pedro station. Following the northbound train towards the lower lands to the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, you will arrive at the Aguas Calientes station. From there a bus will take you Hiram Brigham road arriving to the ruins of Machu Picchu. The bus ride itself only takes about half an hour and is full of breathtaking sights. The guide will thoroughly take you and your party through Machu Picchu telling the history of the area and answering any questions you may have about this spectacular wonder. A box lunch is included and after your return to Aguas Calientes, you will board the train back to Cusco.
DAY 10 – FULL DAY PISAC MARKET & OLLANTAYTAMBO RUINS WITH LUNCH. ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast .
A drive to Urubamba, the Sacred Valley of the Incas to visit the famous handicraft Indian Market of Pisac (available on Tuesday, Thursday, and Sunday). Lunch en route in a typical restaurant. In the afternoon, after an hour drive north, we arrive at Ollantaytambo, the only Inca city continuously inhabitant from Inca time, and visit the amazing fortress of Ollantaytambo. Sharing with another paxs with a bilingual guide. back to Cusco. Overnight at the Los Andes de America Hotel.
DAY 11 - CUZCO – LIMA Buffet Breakfast
In the morning transfer to the airport to take the flight to Lima