THE WORLD´S LARGES PRE-HISPANIC MUD-BRICK CITADEL
The ancient Chimú kingdom (700-1400
AD) founded their capital by the banks of the Moche River in the department
of La Libertad and called it Jang-Jang, which in the ancient Mochica language
Chan Chan, which spans an area of 20 square km, is the largest mud-brick
citadel dating back to the pre-Hispanic era. To build it, the Chimú
architects used clay, mud, pebbles, wood, reeds, straw and cane, materials
which enable the citadel to blend in with the sandy coasts.
The complex is made up of many cities within a city, each of which has
its own single entrance which leads down a corridor that opens up into
other passageways lining walls and buildings featuring some marvelous
rectangular architecture: inner patios, residences, administrative buildings,
temples, platforms and storehouses. The walls were decorated with haut-relief
friezes done in geometric and animal figures. The T-shaped platform that
housed the king's burial chamber was the most important construction in
the complex. The citadel was surrounded by outlying quarters which housed
the kingdom's producers and servants.
The separate cities today have been given the names of the archaeologists
who studied them (Rivero, Tschudi, Bandelier, Uhle, Tello). The Rivero
city was the seat of Minchancamán, the last of the Chimú
rulers, who was captured by the Incas and taken to Cuzco, according to
the Spanish chroniclers.
The city was the urban center of a vast regional state which covered half
of the Peruvian coast, stretching from Tumbes on the Ecuadorian border
down as far south as Lima. All roads branched out from Chan Chan.
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PLEASE CHECK OUR SUGGESTED PROGRAM TO ENJOY PERU:
DAY 01- LIMA
Arrival to Lima Airport and transfer to the Leon de oro Hotel.
DAY 02- LIMA - AREQUIPA - CITY TOUR & SANTA CATALINA ( Private services ) Continental Breakfast.
After breakfast, transfer to airport to take flight to Arequipa. Arrival and transfer to the hotel. 01 night of accommodation with breakfast. In the Afternoon, half day city Tour of Arequipa.
A tour including visits to the main square, Cathedral, Compañía Church and the traditional districts of Cayma and Yanahuara. From there continue to Santa Catalina convent, the architectural monument of the city. The tour takes approximately 3 hours.
DAY 03 - COLCA CANYON 2 DAYS / 1 NIGHTS ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast.
In the morning, we will visit Chachani, Yura, small valley with thermal springs, see wild vicuñas in Pampa Cañahuas national reserve, Alpacas & llamas in Tocra, some birds like flamingoes, ibis, Andean gooze, ducks, Andean eagle "Kara Kara" view point of the Volcanoes and snow covered mountains in Patapampa ( 4,800 m . - 15,000 ft .). See the Ampato, Sabancaya, Walca Walca, etc. Chivay, capital of the valley. Overnight
DAY 04 - COLCA CANYON / AREQUIPA Buffet Breakfast After breakfast, we will start a full day trip to visit Yanque & Maca towns, churches, inca terraces, some pre inca graves. Time for lunch. Return to Arequipa.
DAY 05 - AREQUIPA – PUNO Buffet Breakfast. In the morning transfer to the airport to take flight to Juliaca. Arrival and transfer to the hotel in Puno, overnight.
DAY 06 – FULL DAY UROS & TAQUILE ISLANDS WITH LUNCH. ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast After breakfast, we will start a boat navigation to arrive to Uros Island, in the Titikaka Lake. Later, we will visit the Taquile island. Taquile Island is famous for its craft production, particularly for its beautiful textiles. The island is narrow at about 1 Km . wide and 6 to 7 Km . long. The visit could be exhausting because of the 533 steps on the stone stairway to climb to get to the village and because of the altitude ( 13,000 ft above sea level). On Taquile there are numerous pre-Inca and Inca ruins as well as Inca terracing. Later, return to Puno, overnight the Hotel.
DAY 07– PUNO / CUZCO BY BUS, WITH LUNCH & TOURS. Buffet Breakfast. Transfer to the train or bus station. Ten hour train or bus ride to Puno, across the scenic high Andes landscapes. Arrival and transfer to hotel.
DAY 08– CUZCO – CYTI TOUR + NEAR BY RUINS ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast Afternoon visit the Temple of the Sun (Koricancha) the most sacred buildings during the Inca culture, continuing to the nearby ruins includes visits to the Sacsayhuaman Fortress, overlooking the city of Cusco, pre-Inca architectural masterpiece; Kenko, a rock sanctuary whose main attraction is a monolithic altar representing a puma, the red Fortress of Puca-Pucara and Tambomachay: beautiful fountain fed by a spring forming a series of basins.
DAY 09 – FULL DAY MACHU PICCHU WITH BOX LUNCH Vista Dome train. ( Private Local Guide ) Buffet Breakfast Transfer from the hotel to San Pedro station. Following the northbound train towards the lower lands to the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, you will arrive at the Aguas Calientes station. From there a bus will take you Hiram Brigham road arriving to the ruins of Machu Picchu. The bus ride itself only takes about half an hour and is full of breathtaking sights. The guide will thoroughly take you and your party through Machu Picchu telling the history of the area and answering any questions you may have about this spectacular wonder. A box lunch is included and after your return to Aguas Calientes, you will board the train back to Cusco.
DAY 10 – FULL DAY PISAC MARKET & OLLANTAYTAMBO RUINS WITH LUNCH. ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast .
A drive to Urubamba, the Sacred Valley of the Incas to visit the famous handicraft Indian Market of Pisac (available on Tuesday, Thursday, and Sunday). Lunch en route in a typical restaurant. In the afternoon, after an hour drive north, we arrive at Ollantaytambo, the only Inca city continuously inhabitant from Inca time, and visit the amazing fortress of Ollantaytambo. Sharing with another paxs with a bilingual guide. back to Cusco. Overnight at the Los Andes de America Hotel.
DAY 11 - CUZCO – LIMA Buffet Breakfast
In the morning transfer to the airport to take the flight to Lima