HISTORY Learn about the first Pan-Andean
civilization, that of Chavín (1500-400 BC), which features stone
temples riddled with labyrinthine galleries at altitudes over 3,100 masl.
Discover the mystery of mud-brick citadels and pyramids built near the
sea by the Mochica dynasty (200 BC-700 AD) and their royal tombs such
as the Lord of Sipán, one of the most important archaeological
discoveries of the twentieth century.
Follow in the footsteps of the fierce Chachapoya warriors (1000-1400 AD)
along 25-meter-high ramparts in the Kuélap fortress or peer into
the imposing tombs of their ancestors that lie near where the mountains
plunge down into the forest. Stroll around Cuzco, the capital of the Inca
empire (1300-1500 AD), the greatest pre-Colombian civilization in South
America. Cuzco and environs feature colossal constructions such as the
Machu Picchu citadel, hailed as the eighth wonder of the world.
Witness the melting pot of cultures in striking and prosperous cities
founded during the colonial era, which today, with their churches, convents,
monasteries and aristocratic mansions, are a showcase of architecture
and art from a bygone age.
While Peru inevitably evokes images
of Machu Picchu and the Inca empire, the country is also riddled with
archaeological sites which are a legacy of even more ancient times, when
great civilizations bequeathed a legacy of their art, customs and rituals,
their wisdom and skills.
The Inca empire was a recent arrival during the process of cultural development
in the Andes during the pre-Hispanic era, and the history of the Incas
barely accounts for a century within the 20,000 years of human occupation
of Peruvian territory.
Long before the Incas, the Chavín civilization (1500-400 BC) achieved
considerable prowess in architecture, engineering and agriculture in the
northern highlands. Along the north coast, the Moche civilization (200
BC-700 AD) is famous for its realistic pottery (portraits carved into
pots and gourds) and its pyramid-shaped temples. The same area was later
controlled by the Chimú kingdom (900-1450 AD), who built Chan Chan,
an immense mud-brick citadel featuring 12-meter-high walls and superb
To the south, the Nazca people (200 BC-900 AD) etched an impressive series
of figures etched into the desert floor known as the Nazca Lines, while
graves belonging to the Paracas culture (800 BC-600 AD) have unearthed
superb weavings which point to the magical and religious vision that governed
the lives of this ancient civilization.
Centuries later, the Incas (1300-1500 AD) were to make Cuzco the center
of their empire, building major constructions such as Sacsayhuaman, Pisac
and Koricancha. It is here that myth and history merge, where the Inca
roads, the towns, people and traditions are a living example of the Andean
spirit, sacred and monumental.
Discover why Peru is for many the heart of South America's greatest civilizations.
Thanks to: PromPeru
PLEASE CHECK OUR SUGGESTED PROGRAM TO ENJOY PERU:
DAY 01- LIMA
Arrival to Lima Airport and transfer to the Leon de oro Hotel.
DAY 02- LIMA - AREQUIPA - CITY TOUR & SANTA CATALINA ( Private services ) Continental Breakfast.
After breakfast, transfer to airport to take flight to Arequipa. Arrival and transfer to the hotel. 01 night of accommodation with breakfast. In the Afternoon, half day city Tour of Arequipa.
A tour including visits to the main square, Cathedral, Compañía Church and the traditional districts of Cayma and Yanahuara. From there continue to Santa Catalina convent, the architectural monument of the city. The tour takes approximately 3 hours.
DAY 03 - COLCA CANYON 2 DAYS / 1 NIGHTS ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast.
In the morning, we will visit Chachani, Yura, small valley with thermal springs, see wild vicuñas in Pampa Cañahuas national reserve, Alpacas & llamas in Tocra, some birds like flamingoes, ibis, Andean gooze, ducks, Andean eagle "Kara Kara" view point of the Volcanoes and snow covered mountains in Patapampa ( 4,800 m . - 15,000 ft .). See the Ampato, Sabancaya, Walca Walca, etc. Chivay, capital of the valley. Overnight
DAY 04 - COLCA CANYON / AREQUIPA Buffet Breakfast After breakfast, we will start a full day trip to visit Yanque & Maca towns, churches, inca terraces, some pre inca graves. Time for lunch. Return to Arequipa.
DAY 05 - AREQUIPA – PUNO Buffet Breakfast. In the morning transfer to the airport to take flight to Juliaca. Arrival and transfer to the hotel in Puno, overnight.
DAY 06 – FULL DAY UROS & TAQUILE ISLANDS WITH LUNCH. ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast After breakfast, we will start a boat navigation to arrive to Uros Island, in the Titikaka Lake. Later, we will visit the Taquile island. Taquile Island is famous for its craft production, particularly for its beautiful textiles. The island is narrow at about 1 Km . wide and 6 to 7 Km . long. The visit could be exhausting because of the 533 steps on the stone stairway to climb to get to the village and because of the altitude ( 13,000 ft above sea level). On Taquile there are numerous pre-Inca and Inca ruins as well as Inca terracing. Later, return to Puno, overnight the Hotel.
DAY 07– PUNO / CUZCO BY BUS, WITH LUNCH & TOURS. Buffet Breakfast. Transfer to the train or bus station. Ten hour train or bus ride to Puno, across the scenic high Andes landscapes. Arrival and transfer to hotel.
DAY 08– CUZCO – CYTI TOUR + NEAR BY RUINS ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast Afternoon visit the Temple of the Sun (Koricancha) the most sacred buildings during the Inca culture, continuing to the nearby ruins includes visits to the Sacsayhuaman Fortress, overlooking the city of Cusco, pre-Inca architectural masterpiece; Kenko, a rock sanctuary whose main attraction is a monolithic altar representing a puma, the red Fortress of Puca-Pucara and Tambomachay: beautiful fountain fed by a spring forming a series of basins.
DAY 09 – FULL DAY MACHU PICCHU WITH BOX LUNCH Vista Dome train. ( Private Local Guide ) Buffet Breakfast Transfer from the hotel to San Pedro station. Following the northbound train towards the lower lands to the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, you will arrive at the Aguas Calientes station. From there a bus will take you Hiram Brigham road arriving to the ruins of Machu Picchu. The bus ride itself only takes about half an hour and is full of breathtaking sights. The guide will thoroughly take you and your party through Machu Picchu telling the history of the area and answering any questions you may have about this spectacular wonder. A box lunch is included and after your return to Aguas Calientes, you will board the train back to Cusco.
DAY 10 – FULL DAY PISAC MARKET & OLLANTAYTAMBO RUINS WITH LUNCH. ( Shared services ) Buffet Breakfast .
A drive to Urubamba, the Sacred Valley of the Incas to visit the famous handicraft Indian Market of Pisac (available on Tuesday, Thursday, and Sunday). Lunch en route in a typical restaurant. In the afternoon, after an hour drive north, we arrive at Ollantaytambo, the only Inca city continuously inhabitant from Inca time, and visit the amazing fortress of Ollantaytambo. Sharing with another paxs with a bilingual guide. back to Cusco. Overnight at the Los Andes de America Hotel.
DAY 11 - CUZCO – LIMA Buffet Breakfast
In the morning transfer to the airport to take the flight to Lima