EXPEDITION TO TIERRA DEL FUEGO & PATAGONIA
STRAIT OF MAGELLAN
It owes its name to the Portuguese sailor Ferdinand Magellan (1470-1521)
who, being at the service of the Spanish crown, found a new route to the
East Indies. After a very hard year at sea, on October 21st, 1520, the
vessel "Trinidad" reached the strait, which Magellan called
"Todos los Santos" (All Saints), as it was on that day of the
Christian calendar that he discovered the sea passage which many years
later would bear his name.
Called "the Land of Fire" by the sailors of Ferdinand Magellan's
expedition, who saw from their boats the bonfires made by the Ona Indians.
It is the main island in the southern region.
(CABO DE HORNOS)
It is one of the most famous sea folds and at the same time the most dreaded
by the sailors for its waves and the weather prevailing in the area. The
origin of its name is due to the Dutch navigator Willem Schouten who doubled
the Cape for the first time in 1616 and called it "Hoorn", after
his native Dutch town. Then, it came to be called "Hornos".
It owes its name to the expedition lasting 8 years, under the command
of captain Philip Parker King, an expert hydrographer, whose fleet was
made up of the corvette "Adventure" and the brig "Beagle",
and set sail on May 1826 from the English port of Plymouth. It entered
the strait on December 19 of the same year with the purpose of exploring
overseas lands and drawing up new maps of the World. The naturalist Charles
Darwin was traveling on board the Beagle.
It was named after the English scientist Charles Darwin. Such mountain
range is the end of the Andes Mountain Range(,) which in this region melts
with the sea, thus finishing its long distance travel through the American
continent from the border between Venezuela and Panama.